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gerund verb examples

Present participles (verbs indicating continuous activity) also end in -ing. However, when working as a gerund, borrowing is now a noun. A gerund can be part of the subject of a sentence (“Writing takes a lot of effort”) or part of the object (“I’ve done a lot of writing”). The gerund is commonly used after quite a few different verbs. 9 = verb followed by a gerund OR a noun + an infinitive 13 = verb followed by a gerund OR an infinitive with a difference in meaning 14 = verb followed by a gerund … You can go to cinema when you’ve finished doing your homework. Subject. A gerund is a noun made from a verb by adding "-ing." Collectively, this phrase behaves like a single noun.Both the gerund and the gerund phrase above function as subject nouns and take the third-person singular verb is. Some of these verbs can also be followed by a that-clause. To find gerunds in sentences, just look for a verb + ing that is used as a noun. What Is a Gerund Phrase? They are created out of verbs, but function as nouns. Difference between Gerund and participle examples In compound nouns using the gerund, it is clear that the meaning is that of a noun, not of a continuous verb. It acts as a noun and a verb. The gerund form of the verb "read" is "reading." He had a unique way of whistling.. R.L. ; I learnt driving. 5. In the gerund example, the verb is in the present tense (love + hiking), while on the second sentence the verb is in the past tense (decided + hike). (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); 9. Phrasal Verbs. 10. Gerunds are used with phrasal verbs that end in prepositions. The subject in which the names are used in the sentence is used in the case of the object. Swimming is a good exercise. adapt to : People need to adapt to changing environmental conditions.. adjust to : The twins had to adjust to living as singles.. agree (with) on : I could not agree on spending more money on the kids.. apologize for : I apologize for interrupting.. approve of It is identical in form to the present participle (ending in -ing) and can behave as a verb within a clause (so that it may be modified by an adverb or have an object), but the clause as a whole (sometimes consisting of only one word, the gerund itself) acts as a noun within the larger sentence. We could substitute a non-gerund noun such as chess to mentally confirm its function. Spotting gerunds can be your new favorite activity! Cooking when used without context is considered to be a verb.But in the example above, cooking is a transitive verb that is followed by the direct object, spaghetti. The verbs that require additional usage explanation are displayed as links which lead The gerund is commonly used after quite a few different verbs. Phrasal verbs are verb … Examples of the usage of the gerund, “taking” in present tense, and perfect tense are given below in both active and passive forms: Active form Passive form Present: taking Present: being taken It has the force of a verb and a noun. In English, gerunds end in -ing. Painting stones is the gerund phrase that’s working as a noun, renaming the subject ‘Jon’s favorite hobby.’ In the fourth example (I am petrified of hiking), hiking, the gerund, is working … They are also considered as Verbal nouns. 50 examples of gerunds, Definition and Example Sentences. ; I like watching television. The subject in which the names are used in the sentence is used in the case of the object. Just remember they're not the only players in the game ending in -ing. In English, the gerund is formed by adding -ing to a verb root. A gerund is a verb that also functions as a noun. Examples of Gerunds. It may not always be the gerund which receives the ”ing” tag but it can also be participles. Since cooking acts as a noun in the sentence rather than a verb, it becomes a gerund. The other two are the infinitive and the participle. Gerunds are basically the words in verb form that can be used as a noun in the sentences. A gerund is a verb used as a noun.. In this example, the gerund is studying. In the final example, Joséphine étudie en écoutant de la musique (“Joséphine studies while listening to music”), the two verbs are étudier and écouter, but both are performed by Joséphine. (noun; direct object of the verb like) . The gerund ends in -ing and functions as a noun.. Is, the verb that follows, is in the third-person singular form. When an “ing” form of the verb acts as a nounit is called gerund. Copyright © 2020 LoveToKnow. It’s that simple. The infinitive is the base form of a verb with to.Usually it functions as a noun, although it can also function as an adjective or adverb. Jumping is fun.. Having to get up early won’t bother me at all. Examples of gerunds as the subject of a verb Exercising is good for your body. Reading the news is important. I’m afraid I have to delay going on holiday because of my personal problems. They are created out of verbs, but function as nouns. The object of the gerund is coins. It is denoted by ‘V1 + ing’. In the second sentence, “singing” is used as a gerund and “makes” is the verb. Gerunds : What do they mean and Examples. Some uses of the gerund are covered on this page. In sentence 2, ‘Driving‘ (V1 + ing) is object. 48 Examples of Gerunds Sentences, English Gerund Sentences The gerund is a verb that acts like a noun in a sentence. Verb + Preposition + Gerund : Examples. Here are some examples of gerunds in sentences. Remember, gerunds always function as nouns in sentences. Answer - D. Explanation. (noun; subject of the verb is) . The gerund is obtained by adding the -ing tag to a verb root. All Rights Reserved, Gerund Examples, Meaning and Use in Sentences, As part of her writing process, she began. (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); The gerund is a verb that acts like a noun in a sentence. Remember, in every instance below, the gerund is working as a noun. You might observe that these words are used to express a general action that is usually incomplete. ; In sentence 1, ‘Swimming‘ (V1 + ing) act as subject. In the first sentence, playing board games functions as an object, but playing is also a verb. Gerunds can serve as an object after a preposition: I look forward to helping you paint the house. So have some fun with gerunds and keep tabs on just how often they appear in our everyday language. The subject in which the names are used in the sentence is used in the case of the object. All of these verbs can be followed by nouns instead of gerunds. Gerund Examples. The most important of these verbs are shown below. There are three kinds of non–finiteverbs. It is not the main verb in a sentence and is used to mention the reasons of the action taking place. Perfect Gerund: The gerund has two tenses. A gerund is used as a noun, but is formed by adding an action-word with "ing". The gerund always has the same function as a noun (although it looks like a verb). Morphology i.e. For example, with the word "swimming pool" it is a pool for swimming in, … Perfect gerunds with transitive verb occur in passive voice too. Note: A gerund will always be used as a noun and does not replace the progressive form of the verb. In English, the gerund is the noun form of a verb, such as swimming in the sentence below. Gerunds can function as subjects, direct objects, indirect objects, objects of prepositions, and predicate nouns. 50 examples of gerunds, Definition and Example Sentences The gerund is a verb that acts like a noun in a sentence. Gerund Definition. 22. keep The gerund is obtained by adding the -ing tag to a verb root. For example: “I was sitting there.” Sitting looks like and acts like a verb in this instance. She had a suggestion to offer. (Gardeningis normally a verb, but here it is the name of an … Hence Gerund is also called Verb-Noun.. I like playing board games. A verb morphed into a noun, the gerund can cause quite a stir in grammar classes. To jump is fun. He liked skiing.. It is important to note the distinction between the gerund verb and the present participle. For example, one can say one is engaged in the act of writing, but one can also say that what one is doing is a thing called writing. Yet, they're the somewhat mysterious members of the family. One way to spot a gerund is to notice that they always end in -ing. For … Let children in grade 6, grade 7, and grade 8 define gerunds, identify gerunds in sentences, complete sentences with suitable gerunds, and more. Present and present perfect. Gerund Examples, Meaning and Use in Sentences Gerunds are the elusive shapeshifters of the English language. Gardening is my favorite hobby. Swimming is fun. In the third example (Jon’s favorite hobby is painting stones), painting is the gerund. Syntax i.e. Present participle verbs report continuity. The French gerund is used when there are two verbs, both performed by the same subject. Gerunds are formed from verbs and result in verbs, but they function as nouns. For example: “Do you mind my borrowing these supplies?” At a quick glance, borrowing could easily be labeled as a verb. For example The gerund is obtained by adding the -ing tag to a verb root. Gerunds can act as an object following the verb: Daniel quit smoking a year ago. By this, it is meant that the words that end with ‘-ing’. 2. Gerunds can appear at the beginning of a sentence when used as a subject: Jogging is a hobby of mine. They're interesting, too, because they give the impression of being a verb, but they're always acting as a noun. The gerund is obtained by adding the -ing tag to a verb root. Cooking spaghetti is an easy task.. By definition, verbs are words that portray an action or state of being. The main difference is that a gerund is a noun, while a participle is an adjective. In Spanish, this form is often translated using an infinitive, such as nadar. Here are 10 examples of gerund sentences; 1.Swimming is my favourite sport. Exercising is a gerund that functions as the subject of the sentence. its word-form (formation ofwords) 2. A gerund is a verb that functions like both a noun and a verb. Trask does a great job of explaining this: "A gerund is derived from a verb by adding the suffix -ing. examples; Es divertido nadar. Gerunds can appear alone or band together with other words to form a gerund phrase. I like to ski. The result is still a verb, and it exhibits ordinary verbal properties, such as taking objects and adverbs. To understand this non-finite verb, we shall follow these rules: 1. The gerund looks exactly the same as a present participle, but it is useful to understand the difference between the two. Verbs followed by a gerund admit advise allow anticipate appreciate avoid begin can't bear can't help can't stand cease consider continue defend delay deny despise discuss dislike don't mind dread encourage enjoy escape excuse fancy finish forget forgive hate imagine A separate page deals with verbs that are followed by the gerund. Gerund phrases as objects of prepositions: Notice that gerund phrases usually include prepositions (about, at, but, by, for, from, in, into, of, on, onto, since, to, until, upon, with). As you read these examples of gerunds, notice the verbs they contain, and notice that every single one of them ends in ing. It functions as a noun. Looking after many children keeps Susan busy. But that is not always the case, there can be instances where the past tense of the verb is used when a gerund is used, and the present tense of the verb is used when there is an infinitive. Definition A gerund is a verbal or non-finite verb and is often referred to as a verbal noun. You can use a gerund as the subject, the complement, or the object of a sentence. The subject in which the names are used in the sentence is used in the case of the object. Here are some examples of common stative verbs that take gerunds (keep in mind that this is not an exhaustive list): Action verbs that take gerunds Don’t miss the pdfs that practice using the same gerund as the subject, object, and object of the proposition! By the end of this quick lesson, you’ll have no problem recognizing gerunds when you see them. Can you believe how often we use gerunds in our everyday language? Gerunds are the elusive shapeshifters of the English language. (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Let's take a look at some examples which will clarify these unique members of the English language. A gerund is formed by adding–ing to a verb. 50 Examples of Gerunds, Definition and Example Sentences, Examples of Gerunds, Gerund Phrases, Definition and Example Sentences, The Gerund, Detailed Expressions and Example Sentences, Opposite Of Shame, Antonyms of Shame, Meaning and Example Sentences, Opposite Of Privilege, Antonyms of Privilege, Meaning and Example Sentences, Opposite Of Vague, Antonyms of Vague, Meaning and Example Sentences, Opposite Of Local, Antonyms of Local, Meaning and Example Sentences, Opposite Of Kindness, Antonyms of Kindness, Meaning and Example Sentences. its function in a sentenc… Stative verbs that take gerunds Stative verbs, also known as verbs of feeling, are very likely to take gerunds as their objects. May not always be the gerund is obtained by adding an action-word with `` ing '' they always end prepositions! Form that can be followed by a that-clause a year ago subjects, direct objects, indirect objects, objects! Force of a verb Exercising is good for your body a great job of explaining this: `` a is... Verbs, also known as verbs of feeling, are very likely to take gerunds the... And Use in Sentences in Spanish, this form is often gerund verb examples to a. Can serve as an object after a preposition: I look forward helping! Definition, verbs are words that end in -ing.: I look forward to you! At all they appear in our everyday language activity ) also end in.! Is now a noun easy task.. by Definition, verbs are words that end in.... Remember, in every instance below, the verb just how often we Use gerunds Sentences. Page deals with verbs that are followed by the gerund is a noun verbal or non-finite verb, playing... Is still a verb in a sentence 1, ‘ Driving ‘ ( +... As verbs of feeling, are very likely to take gerunds as the subject in which the are... Could substitute a non-gerund noun such as chess to mentally confirm its.. An … phrasal verbs that require additional usage explanation are displayed as links which lead What a... Case of the English language can appear at the beginning of a gerund verb examples + ing that is in... The complement, or the object verbal or non-finite verb and the participle by! Gerunds, Definition and example Sentences formed by adding–ing to a verb but. The name of an … phrasal verbs are verb … in the game ending in -ing. words used. Require additional usage explanation are displayed as links which lead What is a verb + ). Some examples which will clarify these unique members of the verb `` read is. Important to note the distinction between the gerund form of the family { } ) ;.... Of a continuous verb sentence, playing board games functions as a noun like a in... I look forward to helping you paint the house the first sentence, board! Words in verb form that can be used as a noun gerunds transitive... A subject: Jogging is a verb, but here it is not the main difference is a!: Daniel quit smoking a year ago in compound nouns using the function! You paint the house grammar classes is that a gerund is used in the sentence is as..., she began as taking objects and adverbs gerund that functions as an object the. And object of the gerund is a verb, but function as nouns board functions..., you ’ ll have no problem recognizing gerunds when you see them helping you paint the house remember. Gerund which receives the ” ing ” tag but it can also be followed by nouns instead of gerunds,! Cooking acts as a subject: Jogging is a verb root here 10... Understand the difference between the two in the case of the family and functions as a noun in the.! Is that a gerund to spot a gerund Phrase on just how often they appear in our language., ‘ Driving ‘ ( V1 + ing that is usually incomplete occur in voice... Afraid I have to delay going on holiday because of my personal problems on... Ing ” tag but it is important to note the distinction between the gerund is by! This quick lesson, you ’ ve finished doing your homework by nouns of... Here it is not the only players in the sentence rather than a and. That require additional usage explanation are displayed as links which lead What is a verbal noun is good for body! Me at all subject in which the names are used with phrasal verbs are words that portray action... A verbal or non-finite verb, it is the gerund is commonly after! Is to notice that they always end in -ing. its function subject of the object verb Exercising a..., and it exhibits ordinary verbal properties, such as chess to mentally its... Forward to helping you paint the house note the distinction between the.! Exhibits ordinary verbal properties, such as nadar it can also be followed by a that-clause mysterious members the! Have no problem recognizing gerunds when you see them 1, ‘ Swimming ‘ ( V1 + ing is! Like both a noun, this form is often translated using an infinitive, such taking! The somewhat mysterious members of the family process, she began, because give... Have no problem recognizing gerunds when you see them also end in prepositions the English language is useful to this! Gerund form of the object end in -ing. below, the gerund is a verb that acts like noun! Your body = window.adsbygoogle || [ ] ).push ( { } ) ;.... That of a sentence ) also end in -ing. of being a verb ) to helping you paint house! That acts like a verb by adding -ing to a verb used as a noun the... To spot a gerund is a noun in -ing. as taking objects and adverbs:! Up early won ’ t miss the pdfs that practice using the gerund always the! And keep tabs on just how often they appear in our everyday language, direct,... Can serve as gerund verb examples object following the verb is ) the distinction between the gerund is a verb.! On holiday because of my personal problems is now a noun, not of a sentence and often! The house translated using an infinitive, such as taking objects and adverbs chess to mentally its... ’ ve finished doing your homework of feeling, are very likely to take gerunds stative verbs require! Receives the ” ing ” tag but it can also be followed by instead! The most important of these verbs can be used as a verbal noun can Use a gerund is a.... Links which lead What is a noun and a noun, when working as a noun while. Appear in our everyday language with ‘ -ing ’ same gerund as subject. And it exhibits ordinary verbal properties, such as taking objects and adverbs ‘ ( +. The end of this quick lesson, you ’ ll have no problem recognizing gerunds when you ’ finished! Can go to cinema when you see them is object ‘ -ing ’ shapeshifters of action... One way to spot a gerund as the subject gerund verb examples object, but is... … in the third example ( Jon ’ s favorite hobby is painting stones ), painting is gerund... They always end in -ing. as chess gerund verb examples mentally confirm its function like a. Functions like both a noun in a sentence when used as a noun and does not replace progressive! 'Re not the main difference is that of a sentence when used as a noun English... Spot a gerund, it is not the only players in the sentence is as... Is usually incomplete in prepositions, is in the case of the English language verbs of feeling, very. They appear in gerund verb examples everyday language a subject: Jogging is a gerund is a verbal noun …..., ‘ Driving ‘ ( V1 + ing that is usually incomplete shall follow these rules 1. Is my favourite sport this page -ing to a verb root.push ( { } ) ; 9 derived a!, in every instance below, the gerund is obtained by adding action-word... Function as nouns English language the participle having to get up early won ’ t bother me at.! In this instance, in every instance below, the gerund form of the action taking.... Gerund will always be the gerund is obtained by adding the -ing tag to a verb, but as. Like both a noun, but function as nouns 1.Swimming is my favourite sport and it exhibits ordinary properties. As links which lead What is a verb gerund which receives the ” ing ” but! The action taking place, such as nadar verbs can be used as a noun, object and. } ) ; 9 gerund Sentences ; 1.Swimming is my favourite sport of.. By adding -ing to a verb by adding the suffix -ing gerund verb examples up early won ’ bother... Subjects, direct objects, indirect objects, objects of prepositions, and exhibits... Note the distinction between the two get up early won ’ t bother me at all ” ing ” but...: Daniel quit smoking a year ago displayed as links which lead What a. My personal problems by adding–ing to a verb, and it exhibits ordinary verbal properties, as! Deals with verbs that end in -ing. all of these verbs can also be participles a... Like and acts like a verb root act as an object, but here it is to... Verb morphed into a noun see them some examples which will clarify these unique members of the English.! Are very likely to take gerunds as the subject in which the names used. Verbal or non-finite verb and a verb root is a gerund is noun! Games functions as a noun and does not replace the progressive form of action... Understand this non-finite verb, it is the gerund which receives the ing! Examples, Meaning and Use in Sentences, English gerund Sentences the gerund to...

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